By Virginia Dini
RomeMUN has reached its 10th edition. Together with the President and the Vice-President of UNHRC (United Nation Human Rights Council), in the luxurious locations of the Sheraton Parco de’ Medici Chain of Hotels, youth from all over the world are reuniting to discuss the issue of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and how it relates to the question of asylum laws.
FGM comprises all of the procedures that involve partial or total removal of external parts of the female genitalia, or other injuries to the organs for non-medical reasons. It is recognized internationally as a violation of the human rights of girls and women. The question before the committee is tackling is ‘Can FGM victims claim rights to asylum in other States? What is the state’s responsibility towards asylum seekers?
Lots of motions were made. With only sixty seconds on the clock, delegates presented their proposed solutions and measures to end the practice. Most of the countries stressed the fact that education is the most important weapon to combat this complex phenomenon at its roots.
FGM originates from misbeliefs and superstitions rather than war or conflicts. In some African countries, the process is considered a purification and this is a portrayal of how the practice is perceived with respect to culture, and the unequal role of women in society.
Countries like Nigeria, Somalia, and Iraq have the highest rate of women who go through the cut and it goes without saying that poverty, lack of education, and this practise are highly linked.
Another important step towards understanding and dealing with this problem is data collection, as Spain and the Republic of Togo pointed out. The enhancement of data collecting systems is crucial.
The delegates of Argentina and Australia stated that it would be crucial to look at this with a financial point of view. Even though both of the countries are not actually affected by the issue, they both are committed to grant asylum and provide capital to support asylum seekers financially and medically.
One of the main points that was emphasized was the need to create an integration plan for asylum seekers in host countries. This is because women encounter significant social exclusion and discrimination even after being granted asylum status. This would set the base for more accepting and prejudice-free societies. There are a lot of challenges that lie ahead, but collaboration is key.
- Team 3 - Press Game