by Sasha McNair


Cooperation and collaboration amongst countries is vital to international diplomacy. UNESCO creates a platform where countries can come together, express themselves freely, celebrate their heritage, and ensure equal access to education. Understandably, the United States was an active member of this organization from the beginning. As a leader in the global economy during the 1940s, they helped lay the groundwork for UNESCO’s goals and became an extremely large contributor to the organization as a whole. However, what happened when they decided to withdraw their support in 1984? What specific events led them to turn their backs on an organization that they helped to build? The answer lies within a political structure that fears radicalization in the struggle for power.

UNESCO was established as a “meeting of diverse minds,” however when it was founded, the countries had an extremely westernized point of view. By 1984, UNESCO had grown from 30 countries to 153 and the new members wanted their voices to be heard. This only became a problem for the United States with the development of new communication strategies for developing countries, specifically those involving the press. Many countries feared for the safety of their journalists, and therefore made plans to limit their media outlets. Although this was a valid concern in some cases, many member states were using this as an opportunity to hide their government activities, therefore eliminating any form of global transparency. The United States were averse to these limitations and in fact threatened to withdraw their support if they were accepted. The aversion came from a fear that if there was not some form of transparency between countries, the United States and their political power would be threatened.

Another condition that led to the withdrawal of the United States was the view that UNESCO was overstepping boundaries in politics. Understandably as the overall make-up of the organization shifted, so did its political agenda. UNESCO’s core values from the beginning included a commitment to the economic, social, and cultural wellbeing of the world. However, this value system made it susceptible to radicalization and the United States felt that the organization was moving in the direction of a completely radicalized system. Their objection started with UNESCO’s involvement in the Israeli occupation of Jerusalem. The organization condemned Israel for destroying Jerusalem’s cultural heritage site and the US felt as if they should not be involved in such a political conflict. Although protecting heritage sites is an important part of their mission, they thought such a conflict should be handled by the United Nations, themselves.

The threat of the loss of global transparency with the direction of radical politicization within the organization are vital pieces to the larger puzzle to explain the United States’ withdrawal from UNESCO. They continued their hiatus for many years, not renewing their membership from 1984-2003. However, the most important point to remember is that a decision to disengage from these global organizations is always political. It’s a question of control and the effort to maintain political power that leads certain countries to make these decisions.      

The US Program is seeking a graduate student for summer 2017 to intern with an immigration researcher at Human Rights Watch

For further information consult the section International Organisations


Organization: Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an American-founded international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. Human Rights Watch was founded by Robert L. Bernstein, as a private American NGO, in 1978 under the name Helsinki Watch, to monitor the former Soviet Union's compliance with the Helsinki Accords. Pursuant to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Human Rights Watch opposes violations of what it considers basic human rights and it advocates freedoms in connection with fundamental human rights, such as freedom of religion and freedom of the press. Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International are the only two Western-oriented international human rights organizations operating in most situations of severe oppression or abuse worldwide


Duty Station: Los Angeles / San Francisco


Open to: Graduates


Timeframe: 8-14 weeks


Deadline: Summer 2017


Job description: Candidates, who will participate at internship programme, will be involved in the following activities:

- research topics promoted by Human Rights Watch

- organize and evaluate information obtained through Freedom of Information Act requests

- research international human rights standards

- assist with HRW’s advocacy goals through press and social media


Qualifications: Candidates should have the following qualifications:

- be enrolled in a coursework in immigration, human rights law and advocacy -have a good knowledge of Spanish

- be well-organized, self-motivated and reliable

- be familiar with US immigration issues

- have good computer skills (Microsoft Office, internet applications)

- the intern must be a student for the duration of the internship


Wage/fees: Unpaid


Application process: Candidates have to send their applications clicking on  Click Here to Apply Now, at the bottom of the page


Useful information: If selected, candidates should be available full-time for a period of 8-14 weeks between May and September


Useful links:  

Human Rights Watch

Internship Programme


Contact information:

350 Fifth Avenue, 34th floor

New York, NY 10118-3299 USA

Telefono: +1-212-290-4700

Fax: +1-212-736-1300

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



Edited by Clarissa Subissi

The editorial staff of is not responsible nor liable for the reliability of the information contained in this article. If you want any further information concerning this vacancy, please contact the proposing organization.

Several opportunities in USA and in Portugal offered by NATO. You have to choose a “top five” field in which you are interested and then you can apply for these incredible internships!

Read below carefully and think about your next work experience in NATO


For similar opportunities visit the International Organization section on our web site


Organization: NATO’s essential purpose is to safeguard the freedom and security of its members through political and military means.
Political - NATO promotes democratic values and encourages consultation and cooperation on defence and security issues to build trust and, in the long run, prevent conflict.
Military - NATO is committed to the peaceful resolution of disputes. If diplomatic efforts fail, it has the military capacity needed to undertake crisis-management operations. These are carried out under Article 5 of the Washington Treaty - NATO’s founding treaty - or under a UN mandate, alone or in cooperation with other countries and international organizations


Duty Station: Norfolk, Virginia, USA or Monsanto, Lisbon, Portugal


Open to: Students and graduates


Timeframe: 6 months


Deadline: April 30, 2017


Job description: The HQ SACT Internship Programme 2018 aims to provide a small number of current or recent students with the opportunity to 'intern' with HQ SACT in Norfolk, Virginia, HQ SACT, Staff Element Europe, Mons, Belgium or at the Joint Analysis Lessons Learned Centre (JALLC) in Monsanto, Lisbon, Portugal. Interns will benefit by gaining understanding of an International Organization. All internship placements will be for a six month period, with start dates to be determined individually as interns cannot start their internship without their NATO Secret security clearance, and the timing for the completion of clearances varies by NATO.

Applicants must review the hyperlinked "Job Descriptions" for each of these specialty areas for specific details on each area to help them determine which (if any) Job Descriptions are of interest to them. Please note that when filling out an application for the 2018 ACT Internship Programme, applicants are required to provide their "top five" choices for placement by selecting the relevant Job Description, and also indicate whether the applicant would also be prepared to be placed in a position that is not one of their "top five"



Age: Over 21 at the time of internship (for insurance reasons) and not older than 35 at the time of application;

Nationality: Nationals of a NATO member country; Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States of America.

Languages: Proficiency in one of the official NATO languages (English/French); desirable working knowledge of the other. Please note that the work both oral and written in this Headquarters as a whole is conducted mainly in English therefore, applicants who already possess a certification of English language proficiency from an internationally recognized testing body (e.g. TOEFL – Testing of English for Foreign Learners) are asked to include a copy with their application, however such certification is not a pre-requisite for the submission of an application.


Wage/fees: $1,150 per month and travel costs on joining Headquarters will be reimbursed


Application process: Application packages shall consist of the following documentation and are to be submitted electronically to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Packages that include any additional documentation will be rejected.

The completed application form in English and type written, with:
- Attached English language certification from internationally recognized English testing body (e.g. TOEFL) (if already in possession of a certification);
- Attached copy of the Bachelor’s Degree Certificate or post graduate Degree Certificate, with a translation into English if applicable;
- Attached copy of NATO Secret security clearance (if already in possession of a clearance);
- Curriculum Vitae;
- Motivational letter, indicating why you want to intern at HQ SACT/JALLC and why you chose a specific specialty area/Job Description. When explaining why you chose a specific specialty area/Job Description, you are required to indicate why your particular educational background and field of study makes you especially well suited to intern in that specialty area(s) bearing the Job Description requirements in mind.
If a response to your submission is not received within 5 working days then you should resubmit your application package


Useful links:

Link to the offer

NATO web Site

NATO vacancies

Edited by Sara Candido

The editorial staff of is not responsible nor liable for the reliability of the information contained in this article. If you want any further information concerning this vacancy, please contact the proposing organization



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