Terrorism, Turkey-EU relations and the reliability of media
On the third day of the International Careers Festival, we had the chance to listen to Murat Salim Esenli, Turkish Ambassador in Italy, who held his speech on terrorism at the simulation of the UN Security Council.
After outlining a timeline of terrorism and the diverse tools used at different points in time, he pointed out the lack of a common definition of terrorism at an international level.
No shared vision makes impossible to create a shared strategy to face the issue.
According to the Ambassador, a widespread mistake is considering terrorists as part of “subspecies”. Instead, he suggested that “we should recognize that they are humans like us, but they use human potential for negative aims”. Terrorists, indeed, are smart because they use political and religious beliefs as powerful means to attract followers. So, if we want to fight terrorism, we should first acknowledge the intelligence of our enemies.
Another crucial aspect is that the association of Islam with terrorism is misleading. In fact, as Mr Esenli explained, one of the fundamental teachings of Islam is that killing a person means killing the whole mankind. Therefore, terrorist groups claiming of operating in the name of Jihad have no religious base whatsoever.
The Ambassador goes on, underlying that terrorist groups are monitoring closely the resolutions made by the Security Council, since their silence means their inability to react.
Then, he focused on Turkey’s position on terrorism, listing the terrorist groups operating in his country: PKK, YPG, DHKPC and FETÖ. Their combination is a burden for Turkey, especially the latter, which triggered the failed coup d’état of 15 of July 2016.
Among the questions of the audience emerged the one posed by the French delegate, who asked the Ambassador how to distinguish the thin line between terrorist groups and resistance movements. Mr Esenli replied that the answer could be found in the concept of self-determination of people outlined in the UN Charter. However, according to him, this concept should be analysed carefully, because the first concern should be preserving the unity of the country. Moreover, liberation movements should reconsider their means, because they cannot claim legitimacy if they keep using terrorist methods.
At the end of his speech, he kindly gave us an interview.
Q: What do you think about the depiction of Turkey by the European media?
A: We feel that the European media has not been fair towards Turkey, they seem to be very inclined to pick negative elements, making broad generalisations. This is bringing a certain division between the Turkish communities living in Europe and that of Turkey. We feel that media has a very serious responsibility in doing an accurate reporting. When we start making broad generalisations we are led to the wrong conclusion, thinking that the conclusion drawn by the media is correct.
Q: The European Union has a polarized attitude towards Turkey. On the one hand, EU desperately needs Turkey to cope with the refugee crisis, on the other hand, it tries to retard its access to the Community. What do you think about this contradiction?
A: Well, I think that this contradiction is absolutely enormous because we have made this huge sacrifice hosting 3 millions Syrian refugees. Turkey is now holding the largest refugee population in the world and we have so far spent 25 billion US dollars. In 2015 with 1 million of Syrian refugees, the entire European institutions were shaken and unprepared. When we make a comparison on the economic front, we could realize that Turkey is a country with 8 hundred billion US dollars of GDP, and then when we look at Europe, especially EU, 15 trillion US dollars of GDP and 5 hundred million people. And they cannot handle 1 million people. This is a huge shame. And still with that, we try to help our EU partners. And the media still does not appreciate Turkey’s efforts on the humanitarian front. They also do not recognize that Turkey is fighting against five different types of terrorist organizations, so we are making a contribution on the security front of our NATO members and EU partners. On the humanitarian front, on the security front and then we are constantly criticized.
The EU of course is a country we would like to have more chapters open with, we would like to intensify our relations, and hopefully come to point where we could become a full member.
Q: Just one more question, have you got any piece of advice to improve the relationship between Turkey and the European Union?
A: In terms of our relationship with European Union, our door is always open. In 2016 we had three summits. During one of them, we managed to strike the 18 March Agreement, that was fundamental to stop the flow of refugees from Turkey to Greece. We, as Turkey, have been fulfilling all of our commitments and, at the same time, we expect EU to fulfil its commitments. But it does not. And that’s why we have a certain frustration. And the EU is very quick to define itself as extremely innocent in that. We find that to be very far form the truth, because we made our accords, we are fulfilling our commitments, they made their commitments and we expect them to honour theirs.
Beatrice Petrella, Francesca Lanzillotta and Paola Giuntini
After three days of hard working and learning, the participants of the International Careers Festival are now facing the International Careers Fair. In this whirl of opportunities, the European Commission’s stands captures the attention. At their stand it is possible to be informed about different projects such as the European Solidarity Corps or the Eures. The European Commission works with translators too and offers three different possibilities to them. The first is the internship. Every year the European Union offers paid or not paid internships t o graduates that want to acquire a professional experience as a translator. The trainers are selected between European citizens and citizens belonging to accessing countries. According to the disponibility, some institutions could accept trainers coming from extra-European countries. It is possible to apply doing the online application. Once you are selected you are in a so-called blue book list and you might be called in order to do an internship which lasts 5 months. When the internship is paid you will receive 1100€ at month. The application are opened twice a year: in March and in October. The second possibility you have is a free-lance career. It is not a permanent contract and it is annual. Each translator can renew the contract for a maximum of six years and a competitive tender is made each 4/5 years. Then, the possibility to work with a permanent contract as translator is the EPSO competition, which is defined by a test of logical reasoning and communication. Then, you are called for an interview. When you win the tender you are in a list from which the names are drawn. In every situations, the required target languages are: Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, Finnish, French, Greek, English, Irish, Italian, Lettish, Lithuanian, Maltese, Netherlands, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovakian, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, German and Ungherian generally in combination with English, French or German. You will have the opportunity to work for the various European organs such as European Commission, the European Parliament among the others. Thanks to the European Union you can the chance to prove your skills, improve them and working as a real translator. Do not miss this chance!
Have you got a talent? Are you looking for a job and you don’t find it? You have a super idea but you don’t know how could you use it? It’s simple, <Just Knock> and the door will be open. What is JustKnock? Visiting the International Careers Fair, you have the opportunity to know this internet platform, Just Knock, which allows you to find a job by sending ideas instead of curriculum vitae, avoiding every kind of discriminations, independently from youra ccreditation, sex, nationality and role in the society.
The itinerary to follow is this: the company creates a profile with guidelines for areas in need of ideas. The next step consists in sending the ideas to Just Knock, which will be examined from the company, that has 30-day long esclusive access to the ideas and can decide whether to discover the CV of the person behind it.
At the end the corporation, to discover the identity of the creator, makes an offer and then they will collaborate together.
From one day to another, you could work in a great agency, multinational or enterprise.
What are you waiting? Send your ideas and Just Knock, maybe it will open a good start for your career!
Vincenzo Francesco Romeo
The last day of Rome Press Game 2017 we attended an interesting workshop held by important professionals in various fields. In particular, the intervention of Dr. Jacopo Caucci von Saucken, academic professor and honorary consul for Spain in Perugia was really inspirational.
Dr. Caucci von Saucken talked about his duties as Honorary Consul for Spain in Umbra and Marche regions. He highlighted the importance of his role supporting Spanish citizens during their residence in Italy: for examples, he faces bureaucratic procedures and legal issues.
There are at least 400 hundred Spanish university students, and Dr. Caucci von Saucken helps them with administrative procedures of the university of Perugia. He shared some experiences he had in recent times, dealing with Erasmus students. For instance, he told us that he received a phone call from the Italian Police because a young Spanish boy was charged after a fight in a club. So, he had to wake up at 4 in the morning in order to recognise his citizenship (he had lost all his documents), helping him during that delicate moment.
He also described a difficult moment he had during the last, devastating earthquake that shocked the centre of Italy, especially Amatrice and Norcia; he had to work with the Spanish Embassy and the Italian authorities in order to recognise the body of two Spanish citizens that were among the victims. So, he kept in touch with their families, using tattoos and personal effects to ensure their identities.
His speech was so eye-opening because he gave us a different perception of an international career; considering pros and cons, he showed that Embassies and Consulates are not as far as we imagine: they are always ready to help citizens and temporary residents.
The International Careers Festival 2017 in Rome concentrated, for instance, on press, business, UN, etc., and bringing multicultural, educated, creative and enthusiastic young people together from many parts of the world, almost comes to its end. However, we tried to find out their opinion about the Festival right inside the UNINT, while they were walking around in the corridors of the University, or drinking coffee in the cafeteria. Despite the classes of the Roman University were closed, many students purposely attended the building for having the chance to visit stands of several international organizations in cooperation or social field in order to get information about job and study opportunities, but also to meet new people coming from different countries who have different language background.
Although, the best way to understand UNINT students’ impression and feeling about the festival was to ask Sara and Federico.
“It’s all about a world without borders, where everyone gets the same chances. That’s what the festival means to me. Students coming from all over the world remind
me the genuine beauty of one world’s utopia,” – says Sara, a student at the third year of the Law Faculty of the UNINT.
Federico, instead, seemed to be more concrete about the values of this brief international experience. “In my personal opinion as an economy student at the same University, the festival and his participants show the unfair competition among Italians and foreign students in the job market. We luck some important skills such as team leading, problem solving, time management, naturally related to foreign students’ mindset and high demanded by companies. Plus, foreign students normally have multi-language abilities, while in Italy we still need to work on language flexibility. Indeed, the main problem of Italian workers abroad is the lucking effective communication that they do not learn during the studies,” – he adds.
Through the eyes of Italian students is possible to report feedbacks of this event, most of the students is thinking about of being a future participant as evidence of festival’s ability to attract people thanks its innovative programmes.
Edited by Valentina Di Micco
Startups and less known ONGs are well represented at International Career Festival 2017, along with bigger companies and associations like Barel or UNICEF. Some of them shared with us what they can offer to the participants of the fair and what they are expecting from it.
JustKnock! – Stand 27
JustKnock! (justknock.it) is an online platform that connects ideas and opportunities. It was founded in March 2015 by Marianna Poletti on a simple but radical principle: don’t let your CV define who you are.
On their website you can either apply to a job offer by creating your own project or submit your original ideas to the company you love.
Alice Giacomelli (Events & PR): “What we want is to foster meritocracy. That is why, when someone send his or her idea to our website, companies cannot see who he or she is until they are interested in it. We are here to meet young, passionate people, to advise them both on job seeking and as startuppers.”
Alphagamma – Stand 16
A business portal for millennials, Alphagamma (alphagamma.eu) is a digital magazine that focus on career advices, updates on finance and entrepreneurship and education opportunities.
On their website you can sign in for a free consultation on your ideas, and you can also download a mobile app to keep you updated on everything’s new in the business and marketing world.
Arthur Gopak (CEO & Editor-in-chief): “The International Career Fair is a great opportunity for us to meet new professionals we can help, and anyone who’s interested in business development, marketing, journalism and writing.”
Inside Factory – Stand 13
A startup created one year ago at VoipVoice, an ICT company with more than ten years of experience, Inside Factory (insidefactory.it) provides both digital and professional training. Tuscany based but covering the whole country, they help companies with their blogs and social media management, and organize workshops and conferences.
Martina Giacomelli (Marketing & Sales Manager): “Being at the Career Fair is a chance for us to better understand what are the interests and ideas of students and young people. It is as well extremely useful as an exchange of views with other companies and associations on professional training.”
ONE – Stand 26
ONE (one.org) is not actually what you’d call a small ONG. Founded by Bono Vox, singer and leader of U2, at the end of the last century, it can now count on more than 7 million members around the world. Still, the Italian branch of the organisation is small, but growing fast. A campaigning and advocacy ONG, their focus is on poverty, preventable illnesses (like HIV, malaria or tuberculosis) and guaranteeing children their access to education.
Nicola (Volunteer): “ONE is currently promoting two campaigns, ‘Poverty is sexist’ and ‘#GirlsCount’. Last week Italian volunteers met with vice-presidents of parliament to launch the ONE Youth Ambassador program in Italy. We are here to advocate for ONE campaigns and recruit youth ambassadors to support us all over the country, putting pressure on politician both at a national and at a local level.”
Lunaria – Stand 11
Lunaria (lunaria.org) is a voluntary association organising international work-camps in partnership with the Alliance of the European Voluntary Service Organisations, a network with more than 50 associations promoting young volunteering around the world.
Flavia (volunteer): “Our association want to inform young people on volunteering as well as promote peace, solidarity and fighting racism. Our camps are an extraordinary opportunity to get to know different lifestyles from more than 60 countries while volunteering for a good cause.”
Giovani nel Mondo Association will guide you!
As the sun shines, Rome welcomes the International Career Festival Fair 2017. The fair will be in place from the 13th to the 14th of March. Don’t miss out!
This morning hundreds of students both from high-schools and universities lined up in front of the UNINT (University of International Studies of Rome), waiting for the fair’s doors to open. Students are full of vibrant expectations concerning prompts and opportunities that the non-profit organization Giovani nel Mondo has organized.
Let’s take a step back to understand what and who we are talking about. Giovani nel Mondo Association pursues educational and cultural goals at the national and international level. Its primary focus is assisting and accompanying youth and young adults, between eighteen and thirty years old, on their educational path and encouraging their whole growth.
The two-day-fair hosts more than 50 stands varying from universities such as the University of Padova to non-profit organisations such as Amnesty International and WWF, united by their mission to inform young people about what opportunities they have on offer. As the representative of Amnesty International Marek Rembowski explained to us, their purpose at the festival was to give young people an insight as to the ambitious work that is at the root of the organisation as well as possible internships.
An ambitious project which finds its core uniqueness in the capacity of combining organizations that operate at an international level as well as locally. Such a varied event is a rare chance that must be awarded for attempting to build a bridge between the education system and the world of work. Often this is the hardest hurdle to overcome as a young person trying to find their way in the world, it is for this essential reason that a fair which enables greater communication and guidance during this time is necessary aid.
The CEO and executive president Daniela Conte, who assisted the fair, discussed the main goal of the Fair that consists in filling the gap that emerges between theory and practice which is the University-Work dilemma.
So start building that bridge! What are you waiting for?
Shanthi Kodituwakku and Eleonora Orso, Team 2
On the 13th and 14th of March the International Careers Fair took place at the UNINT of Rome. It is an opportunity for students of all ages to come across several and diverse chances to apply for students’ exchange programmes, University courses, interniships and volunteering programmes in Italy and abroad. Walking inside the exhibition pavillon is the perfect way to taste the international and intercultural flavour of the Fair.
Exploring students’ exchange programmes, the World Education Program offers a wide range of choices. WEP was born in Belgium in 1988 and it owns 5 official offices in Italy nowadays(Milan, Turin, Bologna, Udine and Rome). This organization covers all ages, starting from high school programmes to employment opportunities and internship opportunities in companies. WEP promotes cultural, educational and linguistic adventures in 62 countries, dealing with 20 different languages.
Among all those organizations, there is Fulbright that started in Italy in 1948 and became a bi-national program in 1975. “The Fulbright Program” was established in 1946 by the U.S. Congress to “enable the government of the United States to increase mutual understanding between the people of the U.S. and the people of other countries”. Fulbright offers 7 scholarships to all disciplines up to a total of $38.000, 2 scholarships for MBA up to $100.000 in cooperation with Ethenea and one scholarship to law students up to $20.000.
Since the global hospitality industry is experiencing an unprecedented level of growth, the Business & Hotel Management School of Lucerne City in Switzerland trains the global leaders of the future. B.H.M.S. allows students to choose between the Degree in Hotel & Hospitality Management and the Degree in Global Business Management. The peculiarity of this School is that each year is divided in 6 months of lessons and 6 months of internships paid up to 2.000 euros. B.H.M.S. includes the Culinary Academy that introduces students to the world of food production through basic operation techniques and hands-on core competency training.
If you are a student looking for practical experience in global development the World Bank’s Internship may be right for you. It offers highly motivated and successful individuals an opportunity to improve their skills while working, the Bank Internship seek students specializing in economics, finance, human development, social science and other related field. Internships are at minimum 4 weeks and at maximum 3 months.
AIESEC is the biggest organization in the world run only by students. It offers students the chance to be citizens of the world and to acquire the experience and the skills that the job market requires today. AIESEC internship programme abroad is called Global Talent. It provides graduated students with the opportunity to live a real professional experience in the field of Marketing, Teaching and Business. The main destinations are India, Colombia, Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Russia, China, Spain and Brazil.
In conclusion, for those interested in volunteering as a very valuable and learning experience, there is Lunaria. Lunaria is an Association for Social Promotion. It was founded in 1992 and it is defined as a non governmental body, autonomous from religious and political affiliations and not-profit. The activities of the association are based on research and action research, training and communication on several social issues. Lunaria believes in the importance of informal and non formal education through the promotion of international voluntary service. Lunaria sends over 400 volunteers to short-term initiatives abroad therefore, it definitely represents the international set and background of this event.
If you would like to discover the world and, at the same time, do the job of your dreams, go and explore the Fair. Now, it’s your turn to play!
Written by Jessica Cannucciari and Marzia Costanzo
“When you post your opinion online -excuse my language- frankly, no one gives a f**k!” Gabriele Zagni, Producer for Piazza Pulita, a talk show on Italian T.V network LA7, on a speech about TV Journalism and How to Manage Social Media. Zagni talked about the three main aspects that correlate TV journalism, and the mainstream use of social media. If it’s one thing that every person in this world looks for in the news, a Facebook post, or a tweet from their favorite celebrity, it’s whether or not they feel entertained afterwards.
“Feeding your audience” something that every successful journalist has been able to master in order to perpetuate and grow their fan base. The age old adage “everything you post online will stay there forever” has never held more truth than it does today. Any embarrassing facebook photos you’ve posted from 2004, heartfelt breakup tweets, or instagram pictures of you in your favorite Christmas sweater? Every time you apply for a job, or your friends want to evaluate your profile, they are able to see an extensive history of everything you’ve done online leading up to today. Applying to journalism as a credible personality, everything posted online should be thoroughly thought out and strategized to be clear, coherent, cohesive, and sharp. The videos you show, the pictures you take, the guests you interview, and the moments shared, they should all work together to paint the clearest image to your readers so that nothing you say is misunderstood. One of the most detrimental things that can happen to a journalist, is that they are misinterpreted by their fans and an unintended image of themselves is presented in spite of the originally intended message.
Imagine a successful freelance journalist, whom in the peak of her career built up such a substantial fanbase that she was offered a prime time television slot on the BBC as a decorated anchorwoman. With three shows completed and her fans exponentially growing, a tweet surfaced in which she talks in depth about her affiliation with various progressive fascist groups. No matter how much she tried, it was irrefutable that the things she said were true at some point, and that the majority of her fanbase was discontent with continued support of her show. From that moment on, her rating plummeted and although she was regretful and neutral about the whole situation, it further concretes the idea and importance of the character and the credibility of a journalist.
No matter if you’re young and wild, or a CEO of major company, your online legacy will always proceed you. In our growing age of digitalized information, your cyber footprint is one of the most important things you can look after.
By Harley Derrickson and Salma Ibrahim
“Listen to yourself, find your talent, follow your passion, imagine your future and then build on it”: this is the encouraging message from the Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Deputy of Political Director, Francesca Tardioli, who attends the opening ceremony of the “International Career Festival” at the Auditorium della Tecnica - Confindustria in Rome today, 11th March 2017.
Deputy Political Director Tardioli is extremely pleased with young people’s interest in international affairs and careers. She believes that young students are most likely to be the leaders of tomorrow. To be committed is essential if you want to fulfill your aspirations in any international career you want to pursue and the Festival may be a starting point for a future successful career. Every young person should take full advantage of the opportunities offered by universities and institutions in order to help improving personal abilities and knowledge. Erasmus+, MUN programs, internships are some of the chances promoted by universities. She also emphasizes that the capacity to face challenges is the key of professional growth.
The Ministry offers international conferences and CRUI internships, aimed at integrating the university’s educational path with direct and concrete knowledge. The “Concorso diplomatico”, a public contest to access to diplomatic career, is another interesting initiative. Being a public contest, everybody is given the same opportunities. Other possibilities can be found in the official website of the Ministry, such as the Junior Professional Officer Programme, a great opportunity for those interested in UN and humanitarian work.
As she answered to a delegate’s question, she says that not only does administration of foreign countries offer similar opportunities to young people, but Italy also gives access to some initiatives to foreign people.
A second participant asked about the activities of Italian Ministry of Foreign affairs in Afghanistan. In giving her answer, Francesca Tardioli stresses on how Italy plays an important role in Isaf (International Security Assistant Force) and in military and social activities and projects in East Afghanistan. That’s a long-term commitment, which leads Italy to invest on school programs and small enterprises. The aim is to support and accompany the country to a better status.
The reaction to Tardioli’s speech was mixed. Rome UN Denmark Delegate thinks the speech is interesting, but too general. She believes it is too long and doesn’t focus enough on practical information. Rome UN Lebanon Delegate states that, even though the speech is interesting and quite clear, it lacks on information about opportunities for foreign people in Italy. However, he stresses that the speaker speaks with interest and that she is very nice to answer questions from participant. Despite the small critiques, what everybody can say without a doubt is that Tardioli shows great passion for what she does and great interest for participants’ opinion and questions. That is generally appreciated and raises the quality of the speech.
“Do not hesitate, show great determination and invest on your future”: that’s the final advice that Francesca Tardioli gives to the participants of the Festival of International Careers. “Dialogue and negotiation is important in our multicultural environment, which our fathers contributed to create. A person who loves diplomacy is a person who believes in a world of justice, respect and freedom.”
By Giulia Minonne, Paola De Francesco, Marianna Agata Strano, Elisa Pezzato